National Jal Jeevan Mission Definition and Aim
Definition of National Jal Jeevan Mission
It is a central government initiative in which it aims to ensure access to piped water for every household in India. In his Independence Day speech in 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that half of the country’s households did not have access to piped water. Earmarking Rs 3.5 trillion for Jal Jeevan Mission, he said the Centre and states would work towards it in the coming years.
The mission’s goal is to provide all households in rural India safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water. According to the government, the mission will include information, education, and communication as key components. The mission is meant to create a people’s movement for water, making it everyone’s priority.
The Har Ghar Nal Se Jal programme was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in her Budget 2019-20 speech. This programme forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission. The programme aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting.
Perception of National Jal Jeevan Mission
India is facing one of its most serious water crises. According to the NITI Aayog’s Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) 2018, 21 Indian cities could face Day Zero in the coming years. Day Zero refers to the day when a place is likely to have no drinking water of its own. The World Health Organization prescribes 25 litres of water for one person per day to meet all basic hygiene and food needs
Extra available water, according to WHO estimates, is used for non-potable purposes like mopping and cleaning. So its vision is Every rural household has drinking water supply inadequate quantity of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.
Aim of National Jal Jeevan Mission
- Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
- JJM focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
- Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse, would be undertaken in convergence with other government programmes/schemes.
- The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
- JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
- Funding Pattern: The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
- To provide FHTC to every rural household.
- To prioritize the provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought-prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
- To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
- To monitor the functionality of tap connections.
- To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among the local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
- To assist in ensuring the sustainability of the water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure, and funds for regular O&M
- To empower and develop human resource in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, electrical, water quality management, water treatment, catchment protection, O&M, etc. are taken care of in short and long term
- To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and the involvement of stakeholders in a manner that make water everyone’s business
Phases of National Jal Jeevan Mission
National level National Jal Jeevan Mission
State-level State Water and Sanitation Mission (SWSM)
District level District Water and Sanitation Mission (DWSM)
Gram Panchayat level Paani Samiti/ Village Water & Sanitation Committee
Every village will prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) which will have three components:
- Water source & its maintenance
- Water supply and
- Greywater (domestic wastewater) management.
Funds to National Jal Mission
The government’s ambitious program to provide tap-water to all households in the country by 2024 may cost a sum of ₹ 3.6 lakh crore, but the scheme was allocated ₹11,500 crores in the current (2020) Budget. This is an increase of 15 per cent over ₹10,000 crores allocated in the previous Budget.
India has around 18.5 crore rural households. According to Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, the country is able to give functional tap-water to only 3.5 crore households. The government is committed to extending the facility to all the houses by 2024.