New Education Policy Features And Changes
What are the New Education Policy features and changes?
A new education policy 2020 was declared by Human resource minister Ramesh Pokhriyal in the NDA government. The Indian government replaced a 34-year-old National Policy on Education, framed in 1986, with the New Education Policy of 2020.
- The aim of NEP 2020 is to make “India a global knowledge superpower”.
- Human resource ministry renamed with the Ministry Of Education by Cabinet
- The NEP changed by the Cabinet is only the third major revamp of the framework of education in India since 15/08/1947.
- The two earlier education policies were announced in 1968 and 1986
Features And Changes
NEP changes in School Education
- The current 10+2 system to be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
- Freedom of choice
- The freedom of choice is another ingredient seen in the new education policy. Mix and match subjects like chemistry can be combined with history in senior schools and college is now possible. All separations between vocational, academic, and extra-curricular is set to be removed.
- Mother tongue as medium of instruction
The NEP puts focus on students’ mother tongue as the medium of instruction even as it sticks to the ‘three-language formula’ but also mandates that no language would be imposed on anyone. The NEP only recommends the mother tongue as medium of instruction, and not make it compulsory.
The policy document states that children learn and grasp non-trivial concepts more quickly in their home language.
“Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language, mother tongue, local language or the regional language. Thereafter, the home or local language shall continue to be taught as a language wherever possible. This will be followed by both public and private schools,” the policy states.
- Class 10 and 12 board examinations to be made easier
To test core competencies rather than memorized facts, with all students allowed to take the exam twice.
6. Science, arts, commerce gets blurred
Under NEP 2020, there will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams. Students can select subjects of their liking across the streams. Vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade and will include internships.
7.PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development)
Report cards will include self-assessment by students in addition to existing teachers’ evaluation sheets. PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) – a new National Assessment Centre will be set up as a standard-setting body
8. Vocational education
it will be integrated into all schools and higher education institutions (HEI) in a phased manner over the next decade. By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education, for which a clear action plan with targets and timelines will be developed.
NEP changes in College Education
- Gross Enrolment Ratio
in higher education to be raised to 50% by 2035. Also, 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education. The current Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education is 26.3%.
2. The undergraduate degree
it will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exit options. A student can exit with a diploma after completing one year or advanced diploma for completing 2 years of education. The bachelor’s degree will continue to be awarded to students completing the prescribed tenure (3 years/4 years) of the course.
3. Higher Education Commission of India (HECI)
it will be set up as a single umbrella body for the entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation, and academic standards. Also, HECI will be having four independent verticals namely,
- National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation,
- General Education Council (GEC) for standard-setting,
- Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding,
- National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation.
4. An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC)
shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs which can also be transferred and counted as a part of the final degree. The curricula of all HEIs will include value-based education, environmental education, credit-based courses and projects in the areas of community engagement and service.
5. Lok Vidya
Vocational knowledge developed in India – ‘Lok Vidya’, will be made accessible to students through integration into vocational education courses. National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, and administration.